Risk-based Testing: Uncovering Risks

Risk-based testing starts early in the project by identifying the risks to the quality of the system.  This knowledge is used to guide the planning, preparation, and execution of testing.  The testing begins early in the project by identifying the risks to ensure the quality of the system.  Risk-based testing included mitigation testing which would offer opportunities to reduce the possibility of defects.

In risk-based testing, the quality risks are identified and assessed with stakeholders through a product quality risk analysis. The testing team designs, implements, and tests to reduce the quality risks.

Each product could convey a different grade of risk after identifying the parameters impacting the same and grading them.  Depending on the grades worked out, the classification as high, medium, and low risk is done. The intensity of the approach depends on the level of risk.

Need for risk-based testing:

Risk-based testing helps in reducing the remaining level of product risk during system implementation. The testing is done in the beginning stages of the project and helps all the persons involved to control the SDLC/STLC.

Risk for each product is investigated from processes and procedures, which are then graded. This method of quantifying risk allows testers to determine each risk’s overall impact and predict the damage caused by failure to test specific functionality. The strategy includes risk severity-based classification tests to identify the worst or most risky areas affecting the business.  It uses risk analysis to predict the likelihood of avoiding or eliminating defects using non-testing procedures and to help the organization select the necessary testing actions to perform.

The benefit of risk-based testing is to cut short timelines with optimal coverage.  It helps banks or financial institutions to lay their focus on high-risk areas in terms of q/a.

The above will help in reducing the efforts and costs without compromising on quality.

Yethi has out of its own experience, developed strategies and scoring patterns to help identify the risk level and the consequent impact on the project execution.

Action plan

Identify the risk

Risks are found through different testing methods and categorized accordingly. A chart is prepared based on the risk weightage and impact on the product.  The process involves organizing different risk workshops, checklists, root cause analysis, and interactions.

Risk analysis

Based on the risk parameters, ranks are allotted based on the probability and consequences that may follow.

A register or a table is used as a spreadsheet with a list of identified risks, potential responses, and root causes. Different risk analysis strategies can be used to manage positive and negative risks.

Response strategy

Based on the risk, the team chooses the right test to create a plan of action. Document the dependencies and assign responsibilities across the teams. In some cases, the risk strategy is conditional on the project.

Test Scoping

A review activity that ensures that all stakeholders have hearsay along with the tech staff.  Risk scoping helps create backup plans based on the worst-case scenarios, just to be prepared for a cascade of failures.

Identify the probability and high exposure areas and analyze the requirements.


After all parameters and scope of testing are listed out, testing needs to be carried out in stages. Prepare a risk register to record all developments from the initial risk analysis, existing checklist, and brainstorming sessions.

Perform dry test runs to ensure quality is maintained at each stage.

Maintain traceability between risk items and at every level of testing, e.g., component, system, integration, and acceptance.


Risk-based testing systems are sophisticated, efficient, and entirely project-oriented that resulting in minimizing risks. The testing efforts are quite organized, where each test has a protocol based on risk probability.